Suppose that a prisoner is about to be executed by a firing squad. A certain chain of events must occur for this to happen. First, the judge orders the execution. The order goes to a captain, who signals the two soldiers of the firing squad (soldier 1 and soldier 2) to fire. They are obedient and expert marksmen, so they only fire on command, and if either one of them shoots, the prisoner dies.
Using the conditional counterfactual definition, who caused the death of the prisoner?
A. The judge
B. The captain
C. Soldier 1
D. Soldier 2
In the next slide, you will see the first few rows of a dataset containing demographic information on California counties. Scroll to see all of the rows.
We are interested in determining whether a difference in
median_edu has a causal effect on
homeownership. With this in mind, which county serves as the best counterfactual match to Fresno County?
|Del Norte County||60.9||hs_diploma||no||none|
|Contra Costa County||69.5||some_college||yes||partial|
|San Luis Obispo County||61.4||some_college||yes||none|